The Lancaster House Agreement, signed on 21 December 1979, declared a ceasefire and ended Rhodesian Bush`s war; and directly to the creation and recognition of the Republic of Zimbabwe. It demanded the imposition of a direct British regime, which put an end to Rhodesia`s unilateral declaration of independence in 1965. The British government would be strictly limited to the duration of a proposed election period; After that, independence would follow. It is essential that the political wings of the black nationalist groups ZANU and ZAPU, which led the escalating and increasingly violent insurgency, be able to stand in the next elections. But this was linked to the respect of the ceasefire and the confirmed absence of voter intimidation. Rhodesian public opinion, fuelled for years by propaganda that Robert Mugabe was a manly racist of hostility and revenge, was shocked to hear the new Prime Minister call for national reconciliation in his first post-election speech, so that those who had been enemies could recognize their inevitable unity as Zimbabweans engaged with a common destiny. The Prime Minister demonstrated the importance of national unity and reconciliation by bringing four ZAPU members (now five) and two whites into his cabinet (one later resigned for health reasons). The ZAPU also has three deputy ministers. The agreement, signed on December 21, 1979.  Lord Carrington and Sir Ian Gilmour signed the agreement on behalf of the United Kingdom, Bishop Abel Muzorewa and Dr Silas Mundawarara signed for the government of Zimbabwe Rhodode and Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo for the Patriotic Front. Forty years ago, on December 21, 1979, an agreement was signed at Lancaster House.
This put an end to the illegal white-dominated regime dominated by Rhodesia since the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (IDU) in 1965 and inaugurated the newly independent state of Zimbabwe. The Lancaster House Agreement was an early diplomatic success for Margaret Thatcher`s new Conservative government and remains one of the most remarkable achievements of British diplomacy since World War II. Lancaster House looked at the constitution of independence, the agreements before independence and the terms of a ceasefire. The agreement is named after Lancaster House in London, where settlement parties participated in the Independence Conference from September 10 to December 15, 1979. Tags: diplomacy, FCO historian, Joshua Nkomo, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Agreement, Margaret Thatcher, Rhodesia, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe The agreement would lead to the dissolution of the unrecognized state of Zimbabwe Rhodesia, created months earlier by internal colonization; an agreement between moderate black nationalists and the government of Prime Minister Ian Smith. While Zimbabwe-Rhodesia has not been recognized, the internal settlement has deprived the majority of blacks (so far the main British claim) and led to the election of the country`s first black prime minister.